Diabetes is one of the most common health conditions in the world today. It is a disease wherein the blood sugar levels are high. This happens when the insulin produced by the pancreas is in deficit or ineffective in keeping the blood sugar levels in control.
1. What are the types of diabetes?
There are four main types of diabetes, including:
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease wherein the pancreas produces less or no insulin at all.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how the body processes glucose.
Prediabetes is a type where the blood sugar is high but not as high as in type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women and mostly recedes after pregnancy.
2. What is the main cause of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, which helps in keeping the blood sugar levels in check. This type may also be caused by genes and influenced by environmental factors like viruses, which trigger it.
3. Why does diet matter for diabetics?
In diabetes, the body stops producing insulin. So, it is vital to take insulin as a part of the treatment every day. It is important to keep your blood sugar levels in control. While insulin treatment is being taken, exercise and diet play very important roles in keeping the blood sugar levels stable.
4. What are the foods that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes?
These 4 food groups are known to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes:
Highly processed carbohydrates
Trans fats and saturated fats
Red and processed meat
5. What are the foods to avoid for diabetes type 1?
Certain foods are best to stay away from when diagnosed with diabetes type 1:
Any snacks with refined or processed carbohydrates
Trans fats or products with high-fat animal products
It is vital to follow the right diet when diagnosed with type 1 diabetes as food plays a vital role in the treatment.
6. What are the foods to eat for a person with diabetes type 1?
7. What are the best snacks for patients with diabetes?
Here are some healthy snacks for diabetes:
Yogurt with berries
Hummus and veggies
Cheese and grain crackers
Chia seed pudding
Black bean salad
Homemade protein bars
Peanut butter celery sticks
8. What are the fruits that patients can have as snacks for diabetes?
Berries for disease-fighting antioxidants
Tart cherries that fight inflammation
Sweet and juicy peaches for boosting metabolism with potassium
Apricots for their rich fiber content
Apples for vitamin C and fiber content
Oranges for vitamin C
Pears for fiber and vitamin K
Green kiwi for fiber, potassium, and vitamin C
9. What are the ways to naturally bring down blood sugar levels?
Reduce carb intake
Increase fiber intake
Drink adequate amounts of water
Regulate calorie intake
Control stress levels
Monitor blood sugar levels
Get enough sleep
Have foods rich in magnesium and chromium
Try apple cider vinegar
10. What are the treatments for diabetes?
Doctors prescribe medications based on the stage and type of diabetes. Along with medication, lifestyle changes form part of the treatment. Diabetes requires constant monitoring and lifestyle changes. Snacks for diabetes patients should not be loaded with carbs, and the blood sugar levels need to be checked regularly.